5 tasks in business economics

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Task 1. The company has adopted 31.12.1999 on the balance of the equipment group A, the initial value of 10 + N mln. Rub. and a useful life of 5 years.
05.08.2000 the company has put into operation the equipment is still in group B, the initial cost is 20 + N mln. Rub. and established useful life - 8 years.
10.10.2000 Equipment Group A was completely decommissioned (deducted from the balance sheet).
01.10.2002 the company purchased and put in place a machinery group, the initial cost is 5 + N mln. Rub., And useful life - 10 years.
Depreciation methods - Linear.
1) the carrying value of all groups of equipment as of 01.01.2002,
2) the carrying value of all groups of equipment as of 01.01.2003,
3) the residual value of the equipment for all groups of 01.01.2002,
4) The net book value of all groups of equipment as of 01.01.2003,
5) the average annual cost of all equipment groups for 2002,
6) the residual value of written-off equipment.

Task 2. During the year, the volume of services provided to the public now, was 5+ N mln. Rub., While the average number of employees - 15 people.
In the next year it is planned:
- Expand the services 15%;
- To ensure the growth of labor productivity (output) of 7%.
Determine the next (planned) Year Value calculates when N = .... Unit
1. Scope of services mln. Rub.
2. Generation mln. Rub. / Person.
3. The average number of working people.

Task 3. In the reporting year:
- The company sold products worth 40+ N mln. Rub .;
- The complexity of the production was 20 man-hours. 1 thousand. rub .;
- Capital-labor - 5 million. Rub. / Person.
In the next year it is planned:
- Reduce the complexity by 20%;
- Sales increased 1.5 times.
At the same time, the annual fund of working time per worker (1800 hrs.) And the average annual value of fixed assets for the current and planned years remains unchanged.
Determine the next (planned) Year Value calculates when N = ... Unit
1. The number of working people.
2. output per worker thousand. Rub. / Person.
3. The capital-labor mln. Rub. / Person.
4. The return on assets rub. / Rubles.

Task 4. In setting the selling price of the industry, the company employs costly mechanism with an indicator of profitability of products (in relation to the cost).
The current expenses on a unit of production is 200 rubles N + 2.
Profitability of production - 20%.
Costs wholesale organization per unit of production is 30 + 2 N., And profitability - 15% (in relation to their own costs).
Retail trade allowance for profit is 40% of the purchase (wholesale) price.
Determine the value of the index at N = ... Unit. measurement
1. The selling price of the manufacturer rubles.
2. The selling price of the wholesale organization rubles.
3. Profit organization on wholesale unit rubles.
4. Retail price rub.
5. The calculation results are presented as scheme:

Additional information

Task 5. The company is considering an investment project - the replacement of old equipment with new, having fundamentally new technical and operational parameters. Acquisition and commissioning of the new equipment to be implemented in two stages: in the first year capital expenditure for the purchase and installation will make K1 = 35 + 0,2N mln. Rub .; in the third year of RS = 10 + 0,5N mln. rub. The amount of the proceeds from the liquidation of equipment are conceals the costs of dismantling.
Current operating costs amount to C2 + N = 30 million. Rub .; NW = 40 + N mln. Rub .; C4 = 40 + N mln. Rub .; C5 + N = 30 mln. Rubles.
Proceeds from the sale of products on the new equipment is forecast in the following amounts: R2 = 45 + 1,2N million. Rub .; R3 = 55 + 1,2N mln. Rub .; R4 = 60 + 1,2N mln. Rub .; R5 = 50 + 1,2N mln. Rub.
The discount rate shall be equal to 20%.
Calculate: 1. Net present value (NPV).
2. Internal Rate of Return (EVN).
3. Payback period.
Plot the payback.


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