Английский, вариант 2 (THE ANTARCTIC)

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I. Rewrite the following sentence; emphasize in each predicate verb and determine its vido-temporary form and deposit. Turn suggestions nA Russian. Note nA translation of passive constructions
1. Synthetic rubber products were developed between 1914 and the 1930s.
2. All the work will be done by automatic machinery.
3. When was this University founded?
4. The intensity of this process is influenced by many factors.

II. Turn suggestions nA Russian language, paying attention to nA function of the verb to BE
1. What is the exact size of the room?
2. They were to erect this bridge three years ago.
3. The width of the windows is marked on the working plan.

III. Turn suggestions on the Russian language, paying attention to the different meanings of the word ONE
1. In London one must get used to the left-side traffic.
2. We had to find new methods of investigation because the old ones were unsatisfactory.
3. The new technologies that are being developed must be connected with traditional ones.
4. One should always be careful when he operates this machine-tool.

IV. Translate the sentences
1. If you do not know some words, you may use a dictionary.
2. Some graduates work in the various branches of industry, while others carry on research work in different research institutes.
3. People learned to draw pictures of the objects around them long before they learned to write.
4. There are a lot of higher schools in Russia where young people can get higher education.

V. Read and orally translated into Russian from the 1st to 5th paragraphs of text. Rewrite and translate written 1, 2, 3 and 4th paragraphs.
1. The continent of Antarctica lies at and around the South Pole within the Antarctic circle. It is in the centre of the Earth's southern part on the opposite side of the globe from the areas wh ere most of the population of our planet lives.
2. Antarctica stretches from the South Pole to the 70th latitude and is twice as large in area as Australia.
3. Twenty million square kilometers of the land mass is thick ice which forms the largest load on the earth's crust; in some places it depresses the continent below sea level. The stormy ocean isolates Antarctica from other lands.
4. In winter the temperature is coldest on earth, sea water freezes and doubles the area of \u200b\u200bthe continent: it brings its border to the 50th parallel - the latitude of Paris. The summer season lasts for two months -from December to January. When the daily hours of sunshine are longest air temperature rises to 2 or 3 degrees Centigrade above zero. On a clear summer day the icebergs change colour from red to violet and the sea is green but all the rest is white, quite white.
5. A small piece of land free from ice and snow with a lake in its centre lies about 250 miles from the Mirny. The water in the lake is icy cold but the stones around it are quite hot from the sun rays. Because the ice reflects most of the solar heat back into space, ice and snow do not melt, but any object may get hot in the sunshine.
VI. Read the fifth paragraph and answer the question in writing in category:
Why do ice and snow not melt?


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