1. The subject and methods of TVP
Theory is a system of concepts in which nature, essence, patterns and tendencies are scientifically reflected.
functioning and development of the cognizable subject.
Science is an ordered set of knowledge about the most significant features of the phenomena being studied
reality, the laws of their origin, development and functioning.
Each science has its own subject of research, which is understood as the specific range of problems studied
given by science the side of objective reality.
The subject of science is that area of knowledge to which this discipline is directed.
To determine the subject of TGP means to establish the range of social phenomena and institutions that it studies.
The subject of the TGP study is the most general and essential patterns of existence and development
state and legal phenomena. The subject of TGP in legal science is defined uniformly.
The object of TGP is not frozen, it changes and develops over time. So, prof. Wenger
suggested to refer to the subject of TGP not only natural, but also random. This is true, because for development
specific state and law are influenced by random elements (coincidence, appearance
on polit. arena of individual leaders).
Speaking of TGP it is necessary to distinguish it as a science (it is a system of knowledge about the state and law, about their properties and about
correlation with other social phenomena and disciplines) and as a learning discipline (this is a system
knowledge, necessary for further study of state-legal phenomena).
TGP is a science that studies the patterns of the emergence, functioning and development of the state and law,
explores the whole complex and system of state-legal phenomena and processes, develops a system
scientific concepts and categories, develops methods of cognition of state-legal phenomena and processes
The structure of this science consists of two large blocks (elements): the theory of the state; theory of law.
Each science has its own methodology, aimed at studying the subject of this science.
Science is a theoretical reflection of reality, a system of generalized knowledge.
TGP is a system of generalized knowledge about the state and law. TGP - the legal science of TGP - studies the GP in
in general, in their most general form; explores the general specific patterns of origin, development and
functioning of the state and law as unified and integral systems;
TGP - the discipline of TGP - contains information about science.
Object TGP - GP, state and legal phenomena.
The state and law are studied by the science of TGP in unity and interaction, because both legislation and
the rule of law can not exist outside the state, so the state can not exist without the right.
The subject of TGP is in constant development, with the passage of time it changes, which is due to the development
the society itself, its culture, ideology, the level of social consciousness, and so on. Character traits
subject of TGP:
^ general specific patterns (TGP studies the GP as a whole (in the most general form));
basic basic issues (essence, type, forms, functions, structure, mechanism of action of the state enterprise, legal
^ general theory (develops and formulates basic theoretical concepts and categories of jurisprudence);
Unity of science (TGP is a unified science, the subject of which is GP, state and legal phenomena in their
interconnection, interpenetration and interaction) ......