English, option 4

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Uploaded: 23.11.2014
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Вариант 4
Задание 1. Перепишите следующие предложения, определите в каждом из них видовременную форму и залог глагола-сказуемого (см. образец). Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1.15000 jobs will be eliminated and 10 plants will be closed worldwide under restructuring program of Procter & Gamble.
2.Mixed economy is an economic system in which some industries are owned by the state, others are owned by individuals and firms.
3.The real income, expressed in goods and services is influenced by the decrease and increase in the price.
4.Some articles of the contract are being altered and supplemented during the talks.

Задание 2. Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на разные значения слов it, that, one.
1.It was Marx who first divided capital into its constant and variable parts.
2.In such circumstances one never knows what one should do.
3.Supplies and services are items that do not enter the final product at all.
4.Products of this enterprise differ from those of the competitors.

Задание 3. Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на перевод условных предложений.
1.If the goods are shipped after the 1st December we won’t accept them.
2.If this system of management were affective, they would adopt it.
3.If was clear that the firm wouldn’t be able to cut down costs.
4.If incomes are rising, the demand for goods and services will increase.

Задание 5. Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на бессоюзное подчинение.
1.The product planners try to determine whether there will be a demand for a given product.
2.He said recruitment for the new jobs would start soon.
3.The retailer often guarantees and services the merchandise he sells.

Задание 6. Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на функцию инфинитива.
1.The first question to be considered is whether the offer of the sellers should be accepted.
2.Indexation has already been introduced in the countries that had to live with 30-40% inflation rate.
3.The problem of financing was to be solved by the end of the year.
4.To satisfy the needs of the customers, a producer must know the market well.

Задание 6. Прочитайте и переведите письменно 2-й, 3-й и 4-й абзацы текста.
the Joint Stock Company - акционерное общество
to account for — отчитываться, отвечать за
allotted share capital - выделенный акционерный капитал
criminal offence — преступление
public limited - публичное открытое акционерное общество
The Joint Stock Company

Additional information

The Joint Stock Company
1.The most important form of business organization in the UK is the joint stock company. Basically, it consists of an association of people who contribute towards a joint stock of capital for the purpose of carrying on business with a view to profit. A company may be defined as a legal person created to engage in business, capable of owning productive assets, of entering into contracts, and of employing labor in the same way as an individual.
2.There are two kinds of Joint Stock Company, the private company and the public company. In 1986 there were some 860 000 joint stock companies in the UK, of which about 6000 were public companies. The public companies are much larger units and account for about two-thirds of all the capital employed by companies.
3.In general, private companies are small firms, often consisting of the members of one family. Both public and private companies must have at least 2 members. A public company must have a minimum allotted share capital of 50 000 pounds (sterling) of which at least one quarter has been paid up.
4.A private company must include the word “limited” in its name while a public company must have two words “public limited company” at the end of its name although this can be abbreviated to pic.
5.The basic distinction between a private and a public company is that a public company can offer its shares and debentures for sale to the general public. In the case of a private company it would be a criminal offence to ask the public to subscribe to its shares. All companies must file annually, with the Registrar of Companies, details of their turnover, profits, assets, liabilities and other relevant financial information about their structures and activities.

Задание 7. Прочитайте 5-й абзац текста и дайте ответ на вопрос:
What is the difference between a private and a public company?


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