English test

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Задание 1. Дополните предложения, используя слова из скобок в подходящей по смыслу форме. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения.
1. Rising temperature levels is a global problem that concerns everyone.
2. Double-hulled tankers made oil transportation much safer.
3. She is an environmental engineer.
4. There was a big explosion at the refinery last week.
5. An oil seeping has contaminated the water supply.
6. The equipment is protected by a safety valve.

Задание 2. Составьте и письменно переведите словосочетания, используя слова из обеих колонок.

Задание 3. Допишите название средства защиты, соответствующего предложенной ситуации.
1. risk of a fall from heights
2. loud noise
3. harsh weather conditions
4. bright light and flashing
5. working with chemical substances
6. risk of an object fall from above
7. working on a slippery surface

Задание 4. Перепишите и письменно переведите текст интервью.
R We often read and hear that the oil industry causes pollution. When does oil cause pollution?
S Well, the oil industry has to find oil, drill for it, transport it, build tanks to store oil, and refine it. After that we burn oil to give energy or we use it to make other products. Pollution can happen at each stage of the process.
R And is there a way we can reduce this pollution?
S Yes, new technology is helping. Oil companies don´t need to drill so many wells today. One well can now reach oil in a much bigger area.
R Of course, most people remember accidents with oil tankers or burst pipelines that cause serious damage to the environment. Does transportation cause the most pollution?
S Actually, no. it doesn’t. Of course, an accident with a ship or a leak from a pipeline can cause a lot of pollution to water and land. But now tankers have a double hull to make them safer.
R Yes, that´s important. So the oil industry causes pollution of land and sea. And how does oil cause air pollution?
S That´s when we burn oil to give us energy. We use oil products as a fuel in our cars and aircraft. We also make electricity by burning gas. When we burn oil, we produce carbon dioxide. We now know that carbon dioxide is one gas that is making the world warmer. We call this global warming. Burning diesel and petrol in vehicles also produces very small particles of soot. They can cause health problems, things like asthma and problems with breathing.
R Does oil cause any other kinds of pollution?
S Yes, light pollution. At an oil refinery or a gas platform, you can sometimes see gas burning. This is flaring. It produces strong light. People don’t like it when it happens at night.


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