English version 4 (WASHINGTON, DC)

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Description

WASHINGTON, DC
1. The capital of the United States is situated on the Potomac River in the District of Columbia. This area is not a state, but Federal Land. The nation's first president, George Washington, selected the site for the district. It is the first carefully planned capital in the world.
2. The center of the city is the Capitol Building, the seat of the Government. It is the highest building in the city that does not have any skyscrapers. Home of both the Senate and the House of Representatives, it contains some 430 rooms.
3. Topping the dome is the 19-foot bronze statue of Freedom. The 36 columns which surround the lower part of the dome represent the states in the Union at the time this impressive structure was designed Its construction began in 1793, finished in 1867.
4. The White House is set close to Pennsylvania Avenue. It has been the official residence of every American President except G. Washington. The original design of the house was drawn by James Hoban, an Irish-bom architect.
5. The White House has 132 beautiful rooms, each one has its own distinctive style. The largest is the East Room which is used for State balls, receptions, press-conferences and other events. The finest room is the Blue Room used by the President to receive guests. The Red Room is used for small receptions. It is a favourite room of First Ladies, The Capitol and the White House are open to visitors daily.
6. The Washington Monument, built at the intervals between 1848 and 1885, memorializes George Washington's achievements and unselfish devotion to the country. The Monument is situated in Potomac Park and is over 555 feet high. The top may be reached in 70 seconds by an elevator or by an iron stairway. From the top visitors can see the entire District of Columbia and parts of Virginia and Maryland.
7. The Lincoln Memorial is designed like a Greek Temple with columns, representing the states in the Union at the time of Lincoln's death. The main feature of the building is the magnificent, realistic figure of Lincoln seated in the center of the open temple.

Task 1. Read the text and translate written paragraphs 1,2,5.
Task 2 answer the questions in writing to the text «Washington, DC»
1. What do the columns of the statue of Freedom represent?
2. Who was the planner of Washington?
3. How do people reach the top of the Washington Monument?
Task 3. Complete the sentences choosing the correct option Turn suggestions on the Russian language:
1 George Washington carefully ... the capital of the USA. a) select; b) made; c) planned.
2 The Jefferson Memorial with cherry trees is a circular stone ... a) building; b) structure; c) home.
3 ... of the Lincoln Memorial represent the states in the Union at the
time of Lincoln's death.
a) columns; b) windows; c) doors.
4 The big break-through was the discovery of Portland .... a) wood; b) cement; c) pile.
5 In road works the Romans widely used ... piles, a) iron; b) paper; c) timber.
Task 4. Locate and write down the text of "Washington, D. C." English equivalents of the following expressions:
bronze statue height of 19 feet -vpechatlyayuschee structure -pervonachalny project - an Irish architect -zheleznaya staircase -ves district -
Setting 5 Select the most appropriate within the meaning of the answer and translate into Russian proposal:
1 Reinforced concrete was the ... material for all types of structures. a) good; b) better; c) best.
2 The joiner's work is ... than the carpenter's, a) fine; b) more fine; c) finer.
3 Reinforced concrete structures were .. than other forms of constructions, a) cheaper; b) cheapest; c) cheap.
4 White cement ts ... than ordinary cement.
a) most expensive; b) expensiver; c) more expensive.
Task 6. Write down the text of adjectives and images on their degree of comparison.

Additional information

Task 7. Choose the correct form of the verb to have and to be on offer and move Russian language:
1 These materials ... pure limestone and china clay.
2 Hampton Court ... one of the brick buildings in Europe.
3 The observatory ... both a glass-enclosed area and spacious outdoors promenades.
4 In the 1950's there ... a second building boom.
5 The New York Times ... its main office in Times Square.
6 Manhattan ... the centre of American finance, art, theatre, fashion.
7 On the 107th floor of one of the towers ... an observation desk.
8 The State Empire Building ... the symbol of New York.
9 Bioclimatic architecture ... a way of designing buildings.
10 Parquet ... a very expensive material.

Task 8. Turn suggestions on the Russian language, paying attention to the words in bold:
1 The United Nations Secretariat building was the first steel-and-glass skyscraper.
2 The twin towers of the World Trade Centre were also in the Wall Street Area.
3 Everything was a mess, and everybody blamed everybody else for not understanding.
4 Nobody worked there any longer.
5 The Capitol Building contains some 430 rooms
6 London's most popular spectacle is Changing of the Guard.
7 St. Paul's Cathedral is Sir Christopher Wren's masterpiece.
Task 9. Write in English the following dates:
March 5, 2004
June 22, 1941
February 16, 1746
September 30, 1857
Task 10. Find the text "Washington, D. C." nouns in the singular form, and write them in the plural.

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