Fundamentals of topography for the police: Study Pozo

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Fundamentals of topography for the police: Study Pozo

Fundamentals of topography for the police: Study
Benefit / AL. Vostroknutov, VV Stomach, VP Kukushkin
and etc .; Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, Lutang. state. Univ ext. Affairs; P o d ed. Dr.
tehn. NI Sciences Naumenko] - Lugansk: RIO LGUVD, 2006. - 280 p.

This tutorial outlines the main provisions of topographical
ensure law enforcement.
The manual is intended for students and students of higher
educational institutions of MIA of Ukraine, and also can be used
ATS in practice in developing maps, plans and diagrams
to address operational and service tasks.

Introduction 3
Chapter 1. Subject to the topography sagrudnikov ATS, its role and
place in the operational activity of militia 7
1.1. Subject topography 7
1.2. The role and importance of training for topographic
police officers 9
Chapter 2. The area and its tactical characteristics 12
2.1. The value of the area for operational activity
12 Police Officers
2.2. Topographic terrain feature 14
2.3. Tactical Community Features 18
2.4. Ways to explore the local area 25
Chapter 3. The orientation of the terrain without a map 28
3.1. The essence of the orientation 28
3.2. Compass Field 29
3.3. Determination of the horizon and azimuth local
Objects of the compass 33
3.4. Driving on a given magnetic azimuth 36
3.5. Determination of the horizon without a compass 39
3.6. Determining the distances and angles on the ground 44
3.7. Identify and specify its location on mestnosti47
Chapter 4. The map scale.
Measuring distances on a map 49
4.1. The shape and size of the Earth 49
4.2. Key points and lines on the globe 52
4.3. Topographic maps and plans 53
4.4. Map Projections 55
4.5. Map scale 56
4.6. Tools for determining distances
Map 61
4.7. Measuring distances on a map 62
4.8. The measurement accuracy of the map 65
4.9. The visual determination of the distances on the map 66
4.10. Methods for determining the scale of the map 69
Chapter 5. Symbols topographic maps 74
5.1. Types of symbols used in the ATS 74
5.2. Colour cards 79
5.3. Symbols settlements 80
5.4. Symbols of the road network 82
5.5. Symbols of industrial
and agricultural projects 91
5.6. Symbols local objects,
relevant landmark 92
5.7. Symbols soil cover 92 rastitelnogo
5.8. Symbols hydrography and hydraulic works 99
5.9. Symbols of communication lines, high voltage lines,
pipelines, fences, borders 102
5.10. Terms of plotting symbols in the preparation
operational and service of graphic documents 104
Chapter 6. Image relief to card
6.1. Methods relief images on the cards 110
6.2. The essence of the image of the relief horizontals 111
6.3. The image contours of the main forms
terrain 113
6.4. The height of the section 115
6.5. Types of contours 116
6.6. Elevations and contours 118 points
6.7. Symbols parts of the relief,
It does not represent contours 120
6.8. Other methods of relief images on the cards 121
6.9. Identification of skates on the map 123
b.Yu.Opredelenie height points and command stations
124 area
b.P.Sposoby determine the height of section 127
6.12 The definition of contours shaped ramps 130
b.ІZ.Zalozhenie 131
6.14.0predelenie steepness of ramps on the map 132
6.15.0predelenie steepness of the slope on the ground 135
6.16.Opredelenie mutual visibility points 137
6.17.Postroenie Profile 141
b.ZhNanesenie map fields Stealth 145
Chapter 7. The coordinate system 148
7.1. The concept of coordinates 148
7.2. The geographical coordinates of 149
7.3. The flat rectangular coordinates 153
7.4. Plane polar coordinates 156
7.5. Bipolar coordinates 158
7.6. The rectangular grid
159 topographic maps
7.7. Using the grid
when working on the map 163
7.8. Additional kilometer grid
at the boundary of adjacent zones 166
7.9. Azimuth

Additional information

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