K / P №1 England, option 2 (MONARCHY IN BRITAIN)

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I. Перепишите следующие предложения. Подчеркните в них слова, оформленные окончанием –s, и определите по грамматическим признакам, какой частью речи являются эти слова и какую функцию выполняет это окончание, то есть служит ли оно:
а) показателем 3-его лица единственного числа глагола в Present Indefinite;
б) признаком множественного числа существительного;
в) показателем притяжательного падежа имени существительного.
Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. The Constitution of the USA limits the federal government to specific powers.
2. The President’s Cabinet consists of the Secretaries.
3. The Supreme Court watches over the other two branches.

II.Перепишите следующие предложения, найдите и подчеркните в них группу имени существительного. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на особенности перевода определений, выраженных именем существительным.
1. Each country in the world has its own law system.
2. Most Cabinet ministers are heads of such government departments as the Home Office or the Foreign Office.
3. Great Britain has a two-party system.

III.Перепишите следующие предложения, содержащие разные формы сравнения, подчеркните их и переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. The rules of social institutions are more formal than customs.
2. The most dangerous offenders serve their sentences in prisons.
3. The membership and parliamentary representation of the Liberal-Democratic party today is almost insignificant.

IV.Перепишите следующие предложения, найдите в них и подчеркните неопределенные и отрицательные местоимения. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. Any British citizen elects one member to the House of Commons.
2. No correctional institution in the world is more famous than the prison in Philadelphia.
3. Some members of the Parliament supported the Bill, but others opposed it.

V.Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них глагол-сказуемое и определите его видовременную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. The Conservative party expresses the interests of a privileged class.
2. In the seventh century B.C. the Greeks began to put their laws into writing.
3. The students of the law department will study Roman law, because it is the basis on the laws of most European countries.

VI. Прочитайте и устно переведите текст. Перепишите и письменно переведите 1, 3, 4 абзацы текста.
Пояснения к тексту:
they say – говорят
Privy Council – Тайный совет
1. Great Britain is a monarchy. But the Queen’s power is not absolute, it is constitutional.
2. The Queen’s power is hereditary and not elective. In practice the Monarch has no actual power: they say that the Monarch reigns but doesn’t rule.
3. All the affairs of the state are conducted in the name of the Queen. The Queen summons and dissolves Parliament. Normally she opens each session of Parliament with a throne speech. She appoints all important state offices: judges, officers of the armed forces, diplomats. The Queen has the power to conclude treaties, to declare war, to make peace. She signs all state documents.
4. The Queen has her own Privy Council. The Cabinet developed from this Council. The Privy Council consists of members of the Royal family, the archbishops, colonial governors and senior ministers. The committee of the Privy Council, the Judicial Committee is the final court of appeal for the British – a Royal court.

VII. Прочитайте 2-ой абзац текста и письменно ответьте на вопрос.
Is the Queen’s power hereditary or elective?


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