Logic Option 1

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Task 1. Give the logical characteristics of the concept:
1.1. Student
1.2. Carelessness.
1.3. The man, who visited on Mars.
2.2. World War II veterans.
Task 2. Pick the concept intersecting subordinate and obey this concept:
2.1. The capital of our country.
Task 3. Determine the logical relationships between concepts and express them by means of a circular pattern (Euler diagram):
3.1. Applicant, athlete, player, excellent, man.
3.2. Businessman, merchant, merchant, banker, businessman.
3.3. The head of state, the president, the monarch, the king, the emperor.
Task 4. Verify the following generalizations:
4.1. Earth - the planet - space body.
4.2. The Cabinet of Ministers - the government - the executive.
Task 5. Limit the following concepts:
5.1. Vehicle.
5.2. Psychology.
5.3. Textbook.
Task 6. Set the type of transaction with the concept: definition, division or division into parts. Spend a full analysis of the definition (set form of determining whether it is correct - if not, specify what rules violated):
6.1. Ethics - a philosophical science that studies morality as a form of social consciousness.
6.2. Intuition - the slanderous inventions with a view to disgrace anyone.
6.3. Crimes are divided into intentional, reckless and officials.
6.4. The year is divided into twelve months.
Task 7. The data attribute judgments locate the subject, predicate, and a bunch of quantifier words. Determine the quantity and quality of judgments. Bring to a clear judgment logical form. Specify what type of unified classification belongs to judgment. Establish the distribution terms and define relationships between them using the Euler diagram:
7.1. Fresco - tableau, made with water based paints on wet plaster.
7.2. Vacancy - unsubstituted position.
7.3. Some students have a habit of being late to class.
Task 8. Install the kind of complex judgments and make it a symbolic entry:
8.1. Brave or in the saddle, il sleeping in damp ground (R. Gamzatov).
8.2. The movement of the yacht was possible only when the wind blew.
8.3. When used on not God's will -
I do not give b Moscow. (Lermontov)
Task 9. Draw conclusions in the immediate inferences by circulation, conversion and opposition predicate. Make them a symbolic record:
9.1. Address:
a) Citizens of the Russian Federation have the right to education.
b) Some residents of the city are believers.
9.2. Conversion:
a) Not every medication is helpful.
b) Some people commit immoral acts.
9.3. The juxtaposition of the predicate:
a) All the students of our group of achievers.
b) Some laws are not retroactive.

Additional information

Task 10. Identify the larger and smaller package, the shape and mode of following simple categorical conclusions. Draw the relationship between the terms using a circular pattern (Euler diagram):
10.1. All citizens of Russia have the right to education.
Mikhailov Russian citizen.
Therefore, Mikhailov has the right to education.
10.2. None of the planet does not shine by its own light.
Venus - the planet.
Consequently, it does not shine by its own light.
Task 11. Can I conclude from the following pairs of parcels to the need? Check the output using a circular pattern:
11.1. All metals - electrically conductive.
Some of the liquid - metal ...
11.2. The man - a living creature.
All geese - living beings ...
Task 12. Identify the type and mode of complex deductive reasoning, expressing them with symbols:
12.1. When the fog dissipates, the departure of our flight would be delayed. Departure is not postponed. Consequently, the fog lifted.
12.2. When will the rain, the street becomes wet. The street was wet. Consequently, the rain has passed.
12.3. If the plant is a tree, then it is either deciduous or coniferous.
This plant is neither deciduous or coniferous.
Consequently, this plant is not a tree.
Task 13. Specify any requirement formal logical laws are violated in the following statements:
13.1. The order will be in the audience to direct as long as the order is not.
13.2. Gen. his body blocked the advance of the enemy.
13.3. A black cat ran across the road, then set off on the logic I am not looking.
Task 14. Identify species of inductive inference and correct conclusions. If you make a mistake, select it. Record this reasoning using symbols:
14.1. Charles XII invaded Russia clicking the Berezina River in June 1708, Napoleon also passed the Berezina River in the summer of 1812 Hitler had ferried his hordes across the Berezina 22 June 1941 This is why they all failed.
14.2. The Rooks Have Arrived, then the spring came.
Task 15. Identify the type of evidence and possible errors in the following reasoning:
15.1. All laws must be carried out strictly. But no one instruction is not the law. Therefore, you can not carry out the instructions.
15.2. There was a nail - horseshoe was lost.
Horseshoe gone - the horse lame.
Lame horse - commander killed.
The cavalry is broken - the army is running.
The enemy comes to town, the prisoners are not spared,
Because in a smithy was no nail. (S. Marshak).


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