MEI Culturology test work

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Question 1. What are the functions of the culture?

Question 2. What do you know about the graphic and musical forms of primitive art.

Question 3. What are the features of the religion of Ancient Egypt? How did the Egyptians treat death and immortality, the cult of the pharaoh?

Question 4. What is the essence of the varno-caste system and its influence on the socio-cultural development of India?

Question 5. What are the main achievements of Ancient China?

Question 6. What do you know about science in the ancient states?

Question 7. Explain why the Old Russian state adopted Christianity ?. What did this matter for Russia?

Question 8. What, in your opinion, is the historical conditioning of the Enlightenment?

Question 9. What changes have taken place in culture with the onset of the "thaw"?

Question 10. What are the causes of the emergence of the Russian Abroad?

Additional information

Question 1. What are the functions of the culture?

Culture has several functions:
1. The most important is the function of the transmission (transmission) of social experience. It is often called the function of historical continuity, or information. Culture, which is a complex sign system, is the only mechanism for transferring social experience from generation to generation, from era to era, from one country to another.
2. Another leading function is cognitive (epistemological). It is closely connected with the first and, in a certain sense, follows from it. Culture, which concentrates in itself the best social experience of many generations of people, immanently acquires the ability to accumulate the richest knowledge about the world and thereby create favorable opportunities for its cognition and development.
3. Regulatory (normative) function of culture is connected, first of all, with the definition (regulation) of various parties, types of public and personal activity of people. In the sphere of work, life, interpersonal relations, culture in one way or another influences the behavior of people and regulates their actions, actions and even the choice of certain material and spiritual values. Regulatory function of culture is based on such normative systems as morality and law.
4. Semiotic, or sign function - the most important in the system of culture. Represents a certain sign system, culture presupposes knowledge, possession of it. Without studying relevant sign systems, one can not master the achievements of culture. Thus, language (oral or written) is a means of communication between people, literary language is the most important means of mastering the national culture. Specific languages ​​are needed to understand the special world of music, painting, theater. Natural sciences (physics, mathematics, chemistry, biology) also have their own sign systems.
5. The value, or axiological function, reflects the most important qualitative state of culture. Culture as a system of values ​​forms a person´s well-defined value needs and orientations. By their level and quality, people often judge the degree of culture of a person. Moral and intellectual content, as a rule, serves as a criterion for appropriate evaluation.


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