MEI. TESTS ON ECOLOGY ISSUES 90

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Task number 1
Conditions
The first term and the general definition of ecology gave ...


Darwin

J. Lamarck

Ernst Haeckel

Vernadsky

E. Suess

Task number 2
Conditions
Autecology studies


community ecology

freshwater ecology

ecology of individuals and organisms

ekologiyurasteny

global processes

Task number 3
Conditions
The doctrine of the biosphere was developed ac. VI Vernadsky


1945

there is no right answer

1875

1926

1975

Task number 4
Conditions
Living matter - it


soil cover

plants, animals, microorganisms

oil

coal

peat

Task number 5
Conditions
Choose the answer and where recorded biogenic bioinert substance, respectively


soil microorganisms

modern hydrosphere, animals

oil meteoritic matter

coal, modern atmosphere

Plants, peat

Setting the number 6
Conditions
How does (and appear) geological processes occurring in the Earth's crust?


All of the above

in volcanic eruptions

in the mountain building

in earthquakes

motions in the Earth's crust

Target number 7
Conditions
When there Biosphere?


2-3 billion. Years ago

40 thousand. Years ago

25 thousand. Years ago

10 thousand. Years ago

1-2 billion. Years ago

Task number 8
Conditions
How many pieces of VI Vernadsky, the biosphere is the substance?


two

five

three

four

seven

Setting the number 9
Conditions
To poikilothermic organisms include


mammals and birds

bats, hedgehogs, badgers, bears

gophers, marmots, reptiles

plants, invertebrates, fish, reptiles

plants, invertebrates and fish

Task number 10
Conditions
Anthropogenic factors -


Any human activity

components and phenomena of inanimate nature, directly or indirectly acting on living organisms

set of influences of life of some organisms on the livelihoods of others

correspondence between the organisms and habitat

forms of human activities that affect the natural environment, changing the habitat of living organisms, or directly affect certain types of organisms

Task number 11
Conditions
The term "tolerance" means


endurance

pollution

sotrapeznichestvo

survival

cohabitation

Task number 12
Conditions
Those who formulated the law of the minimum?


F. Muller

C. Bates

Yu Odum

J. von Liebig

V. Shelford

Task number 13
Conditions
What are the main characteristics of the population?


All of the above

births, deaths

population density

growth of individuals

growth rate

Task number 14
Conditions
In the life cycle of plants emit


four periods

six periods

two periods

five periods

three periods

Task number 15
Conditions
What is called the upper limit of population growth?


the highest growth of the organism in the population

maximum possible frequency in a given habitat

maximum density of a given population over the past decade

the average growth of the population of organisms

population density at the time of the study

Task number 16
Conditions
Who coined the term "biocenosis"?


VI Vernadsky

A. Tensli

Yu Odum

K. Moebius

Ernst Haeckel

Task number 17
Conditions
What characterizes the habitat?


All of the above

humidity

the amount of solar radiation

temperature

physico-chemical properties of the soil

Task number 18
Conditions
Who coined the term "ecosystem"?


Yu Odum

Ernst Haeckel

Vernadsky

A. Tensli

K. Moebius

Task number 19
Conditions
What is the difference from the natural human biogeocoenose?


anthropogenic biogeocoenoses - populated areas, a

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