MPEI Informatics audit work 60 questions 10 options

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1. What are the most important properties of information?
2. Highlight the basic actions of the computer with the information. PC scheme.
3. Characteristics of standard PC peripherals: keyboard, printer, mouse.
4. Give definitions of the following concepts: system unit, peripherals, operating system, software, Internet.
5. The main stages of the development of computer technology
6. The device and the basic blocks entering into the computer
7. Primary PC peripherals
8. General ideas about information, its measures and media
9. Composition and structure of software for modern PCs
10. Characteristics of the main disk devices: a hard disk, a floppy disk drive, a CD-ROM drive.
11. Purpose, main characteristics and types of monitors.
12. Give the basic principles of computer architecture proposed by von Neumann.
13. Give the definition of the operating system.
14. Explain the properties of information associated with its storage.
15. Explain the structure of the unique file name.
16. Describe the purpose of the driver programs.
17. Give examples of information systems.
18. Describe the purpose of the service programs.
19. Modern definition of informatics as a science.
20. Define the information technology in accordance with the basic concepts of computer science.
21. Name and describe the modern operating systems of Microsoft.
22. Give a description of the WINDOWS operating system
23. Describe the word processor MICROSOFT WORD
24. Give the characteristics of the electronic processor MICROSOFT EXCEL
25. Describe the DBMS
26. The object of informatics.
27. Describe the purpose of office packages.
28. Explain the properties of information and give examples: accessibility, security, ergonomics.
29. Give the definition of "information environment".
30. Describe the purpose of office programs.
31. What are the functions of the central processor of a personal computer?
32. Give examples of high-level programming languages ​​and give them a brief description.
33. Algorithmization and programming.
34. Describe the stages of the development of expert systems.
35. The role of the user in creating information systems and setting tasks.
36. Hardware and software components of the computer network.
37. The main directions of Internet application for the user.
38. Sources of information on the Internet.
39. The main means of information exchange in the Internet.
40. E-mail.
41. The main features of e-mail.
42. Information retrieval systems: definition and main tasks.
43. Methods of computer classification.
44. Peripheral devices of a personal computer.
45. Windows service applications.
46. ​​Internet. Basic concepts.
47. Computer security basic concepts.
48. Characteristics of the main ways to protect information in the PC.
49. Methods of protection against computer viruses.
50. Protection of information on the Internet.
51. Definition and classification of PCs.
52. Hardware and software.
53. Basic hardware configuration of the PC and their characteristics.
54. PC disk drives and their characteristics.
55. Classification of PC software.
56. Informatics and modern information technologies.
57. Informatization and information society: a retrospective.
58. Classification of basic information technologies.
59. Operating systems, utility programs (utilities), tools (programming languages).
60. Classification of computer networks.

Additional information

Option check work number 7

Question 7. Main PC peripherals

Peripheral devices of a personal computer can be divided into:
• input devices (various keyboards, trackballs, infrared mice, scanners, digital cameras);
• Data output devices (matrix, laser, LED and inkjet printers, various monitors);
• storage devices (tape drives, magneto-optical media);
• Data exchange devices (modems).

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