Test 1. Variant 1

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1. Перепишите предложения. По грамматическим признакам определите, какой частью речи является слово, заканчивающееся на -s, и какую функцию выполняет -s в предложении, т. е. служит ли - s признаком: a) 3 л. ед. ч. в Present Indefinite, б) мн. ч. имени существительного, в) притяжательного падежа имени существительного. Переведите предложения на русский язык:
1. The plays by A.Chekhov are very popular with English readers.
2. He usually plays tennis twice a week.
3. Who is your friend′s favourite singer?
4. The dinner break lasts 20 minutes.
5. He always books tickets in advance.
6. My neighbours′ cottage is comfortable, but very expensive.
2. Перепишите следующие предложения, содержащие разные степени сравнения, и переведите на русский язык:
1. I spent more time on the project than I had expected.
2. We didn′t make as much money on the deal as we had hoped.
3. Could you speak a little more slowly, please?
4. I arrived in London later than I had planned.
5. The company did slightly worse than last year.
6. All our manufacturing plans are efficient, but at the moment the one in northern France is operating most efficiently.
3. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения, обращая особое внимание на перевод неопределённых местоимений и наречий:
1. Someone has used my files, and now I can′t find anything anywhere.
2. Have you got any information about marketing policy?
3. This is not confidential, you can discuss it with anyone you like.
4. Something is wrong with my pen. It doesn′t write.
5. Nothing can change my decision.
6. I′ve got to find that letter! It must be somewhere here.
4. Прочитайте предложения, перепишите их, вставляя в пропуски определённый или неопределённый артикль там, где необходимо:
1. I like to go abroad three times ___ year.
2. Have you met my brother? He is ___ engineer too.
3. I am not motivated by ___ money.
4. When are you going to pay back ___ money I lent you?
5. This book will give you ___ information you need.
6. ___ mistakes you have made cost us a great deal of money.
7. Don′t worry! Everybody makes ___ mistakes.
5. Перепишите и письменно переведите текст:
Careers: Economist
Economists study the ways in which individuals and society choose to use limited resources, such as natural resources, labor, factories, and machines, in an effort to satisfy unlimited wants. They are concerned with the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services and are interested in helping society get as much satisfaction as possible from its limited resources. Economists collect, process, and analyze data to determine the costs and benefits of using resources in various ways.
Economists are employed in a number of different job settings. About half of them are academic economists, who engage in teaching, writing and doing research in colleges, and Universities. They also write text books and journal articles, develop and test new theoretical models, provide consulting services to governments and businesses, and engage in variety of other professional activities.
The other half of all economists work for government or business.
Government economists collect and analyze information about economic conditions in the nation and possible changes in government economic policies. Much of this information is published in government bulletins and reports. Often the government economist wears a second hat′ as a policy analyst. Economists forecast tax revenues and interest rates, analyze, who gains and who loses from particular changes, monitor prices, compute total output and perform other useful tasks in the public
Business economists work for banks, insurance companies, investment companies,Business economists work for banks, insurance companies, investment companies, manufacturing firms, economic research firms, and management consulting firms.
Some economists operate their own economic businesses. They are called entrep

Additional information

This is a French word that has been accepted into the English language. Entrepreneurs are a mystery to some people, especially those who are only comfortable with a nine-to-five existence and assured weekly paychecks and fringe benefits. The entrepreneur is a business person who prefers to take calculated risks in order to be his or her own boss. An individual hoping to start up a new company needs to have entrepreneurial flair or talent, as well as good technical skills and financial skills, because they make a profit through risk-taking or initiative. They are self-employed, and often work long hours for less nay than they would if they were an employee of another company.
While the percentage of growth for men entering into business independence could be measured in the teens, women′s increase in a single decade was 69 percent. There is no mystery here. Women go into business for the same reason men do - to make money and to be their own bosses.
Entrepreneurship is regarded to be the first track to success. Rather than to take a low-wage, big-industry job, people opt′ to use their wits and energy to climb the ladder of independence. People who are successful in business and so have become rich and powerful are called tycoons.
Speaking about entrepreneurship, Professor K. Vesper of the University of Washington says that «A driving force in entrepreneurship is addictiveness′. Once people have a taste of freedom in a business of their own, they like it. They don′t want to go back to working for some-
one else.»
6. Переведите предложения, содержащие глаголы to be и to have и определите их временную форму (Present, Past, Future Indefinite):
1. Cuts in interest rates have a number of positive effects on the eco-
2. Berli Jucker Group is one of Thailand′s oldest trading organizations, and it owns a number of different companies.
3. In our manufacturing division we′ll have factories that will produce bottles, soap and cosmetics for the local market, and we′ll also export medical equipment to Europe.
4. In our services division there was also a new Information Systems department which sold different products and applications.
7. Перепишите предложения, определите в них видовременные формы глаголов. Переведите предложения на русский язык:
1. Over the next few years, interactive TV will make a great impact on consumer behaviour, and advertises will have to approach customers in a completely new way.
2. We share profits and losses equally.
3. We didn′t invest the same amount of capital into our business.
4. The business expanded and diversified, and eventually became the largest chain of supermarkets in Britain.
5. Sole proprietorship gets tax benefits from the government.
6. Don′t worry, I′ll go and see the lawyer before I sign the contract.


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